NANKIN The inner border of flatware decoration. The narrow border sometimes added below a wider border.
NARKED and NARKY Dialect. Upset. Irritated. Annoyed. Bad tempered. But not mythered - more upset than mythered.
NARN IN CHEESE Dialect. Nine inches! As someone might have said before, this is about the diameter of an oatcake!
NATCHING Process. Closing the firedoors in an enamel kiln before firing.
NECK Part of a bottle oven. The top of the chimney or stack of a bottle oven.
NECK EAT DINE Dialect. Drink it fast.
NECK END Dialect. Longton. (Lonkton) Southernmost of the six towns of the City of Stoke-on-Trent. Further south than the 'dish cloth end.'
NECKS WICK Dialect. Starts next Monday, and lasts for seven days. Sometimes starts on Sunday - it depends.
NEPHELINE SYENITE Material used in the clay body recipe. An anhydrous sodium potassium alumino silicate. Although feldspar-like in its chemistry, mineralogically it is an igneous rock combination of nepheline, microcline, albite and minor minerals like mica, hornblende and magnetite. It is found in Canada, India, Norway and USSR. Like feldspar, it is used as a flux in tile, sanitaryware, porcelain, vitreous and semi-vitreous bodies. Nepheline Syenite has been a standard in the ceramic industry for many years, and is very popular for its whiteness.
NESH Dialect. A ganzy is required. Similar to mard, I suppose. Not tough enough to stand the cold.
NESH Dialect. A nesh unfired clay pottery body is short. A short unfired clay pottery body is less plastic so is difficult to form. An earthenware body contains a high percentage of plastic clay and is easier to shape and form. But a china body - containing say 50% calcined bone - is less plastic and therefore nesh. (From Potters by Gordon Elliott interview with Len Potts. ISBN 1 904546 19 6 )
NESH CARROT Dialect. Someone who is very nesh!
NIB That little bit of a spout on some pottery jugs. Not a NIP (see below).
NIBBED SAGGAR Type of saggar. With internal protrusions to support a bat, creating a double deck. Thus allowing the placing of two layers of ware in one saggar. Nibs also allowed the placing of a lid or cover or the top of the saggar to keep out dirt.
NINETY NINE! A huge shout out in the casting shops at Twyfords, Alsager works. The shout was made loud and clear by the casters whenever a lady should stray into the area. But why? The call of "ninety nine" indicated to everyone within hearing distance that they should avoid swearing till the lady had gone. Particularly useful when groups of visitors were touring the plant!
NIP Pottery body fault. See chip.
NOGGER Dialect. Football game. "Conner bate a game a nogger, youth!"
NO-LIMIT-RISERS Dialect. Repair required in trouser pocket or elsewhere in the below-waist garment. Badly dressed. Failed wardrobe.
|No limit risers. Wardrobe failure.|
NOUS Not pronounced in the French way but as it is spelled in the English way. The knowledge. But not in a London Taxi sort of way.
NOWT Nothing. Zilch.
NOWT Naughty boy.
NOW-TEA Dialect. Naughty or moody kid. Probably spoilt and mard. Miserable mard-arse.
NUNC Dialect. " No creeping on in a game of marbles" AND " He slipped off his numc."
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OATCAKE DAY August 8th. Click here> or the oatcake day website.
OATCAKE Potteries delicacy. Potters' favourite food. A 'toe rag'. A Potteries poppadom (but floppy, not crispy). Potteries oatcakes are totally different from Derbyshire Oatcakes which are about the same diameter but are much thicker or Scottish Oatcakes which are small, hard and like a biscuit.
|The Oatcake Smile|
Potteries oatcakes are more like pancakes, being floppy, flat and about eight inches across, and made from oatmeal, whole wheat flour, yeast, milk and water. Best served with melted cheese either grilled then rolled or oven baked and folded.
|The Potters' Cook Book|
Compiled by Hannah Staton in 1977 Drawings by Bill Morris
Printed by Keates Ltd., Hanley, Stoke on Trent
Ode to the Oatcake - Arthur Berry 1980
"Let us pay homage to the Oatcake
Or Oatcake or woodcake as the old men called them.
The oatcake is not a cake at all really
Not like the fairy cake or the Eccles cake
Not a cake in that way
More of a Potteries Papadum
A sort of Tunstall Tortilla
A Clay Suzette."
OCCUD Potteries dialect word. Awkward. "Ays an occud sod, ay is."
ODD CUPS Earthenware, once fired, so the clay was dipped in glaze without going through the biscuit stage. (Transactions of B Ceram Soc. Vol 75 Page 36 1976).
ODD MAN Occupation. Ovens Dept. More than a labourer. May set his mind to virtually anything. But he worked particularly in the ovens department. One of his jobs would have been daubing clay on the clammins of an oven.
ODD WORK usually carried out by an odd man. Labourer. Maybe for odd money! How odd.
OFFSET BASIN Sanitaryware. When looked at from above the ‘offset basin’ does not look symmetrical. The bowl of the washbasin is set to one side, either to the left or to the right, of centre. This arrangement allows the use of the remaining area, on the opposite side to the bowl, as a shelf for temporary storage of personal items. An offset corner basin goes a little further since it makes the basin more ergonomic and easier to use.
OH RATE Dialect. "It'll do, we'll get away with it." Or "fair to middling, thanks."
OILING PAD Equipment. Decorating department. Used in engraving.
OLD GOLD A yellow colour applied to the edge of an pottery piece, usually earthenware, to give the semblance of a gilded edge. But not gold.
OMMER Dialect. Tool for knocking nails in.
ONGLAZE DECORATION Process. Decoration applied ON (or OVER) the glaze surface of the piece. Pottery with onglaze hand painted decoration, or onglaze litho decoration, is fired at a lower temperature and has a duller finish than the glaze it is applied to. It may also be less resistant to wear and tear than for inglaze decoration.
OPACIFIER Material used during the process. Glaze manufacture. Zircon or tin oxide.
OPAQUE GLAZE Type of glaze. Produced by adding an opacifier such as zircon or tin oxide transparent glaze. Quantities of 6 to 15% are used.
OPEN HANDLE Particular design of handle. Attached to the side of the piece at the top and bottom only. Compare this with a block handle which is fully closed up.
OPEN STOCK Ranges of product kept by retailers which could be purchased as single pieces or any combination. Not in sets.
ORANGE PEEL Glaze fault. Looks like orange peel (as you expected). A ripply or lumpy ‘orange peel’-like surface to the glaze, only seen from certain angles. This can be a result of unevenly applied glaze or stiff glaze - which has not reached sufficient fluidity to flow completely smooth during firing. The glaze surface just hasn't flattened properly. Another cause could be under firing.
ORNAMENT Perhaps something on the window ledge which a potter would pronounce as an 'ornymnt'.
ORNAMENTER Occupation. Potting department. See immediately below.
ORNAMENTING Process. Potting department. Applying clay 'ornament' to a clay piece. Made famous by the Wedgwood company. The cheese-hard clay piece is first moistened with water from a brush and then the ornament is applied to the item and gently but firmly pressed down, making sure there is no air behind it, and none of the ornament's decoration is squashed. The decoration of some larger items can take two days’ work with as many as 450 ornaments on a single piece.
ORNAMENTER'S FIGUREMAKER Occupation. Potting department. The person who makes the ornament figures. The figuremaker forces a small quantity of clay into the ornament mould and firmly presses into it to ensure that every tiny detail is created in the clay. Whilst the clay is still damp, the figure maker uses gentle pressure from a spatula called a waggler) to ease the clay out of the mould without distorting it or losing any of the detail. more here>
ORTS Leftover dinner served up again for dinner or tea next day or the day after.
ORTON CONES Type of pyrometric cone. Used in the firing of pottery to determine the amount of 'heat work' which has been applied to the ware during the fire. Device for measuring the heat-work imparted to pottery pieces during the bottle oven firing. These devices are formulated from different mineral mixtures and numbered accordingly. They are placed in a kiln so they can be viewed during firing and when a cone begins to bend it is closely monitored and the firing is terminated when it reaches a specific position.
OSS Equipment. Ovens department. Vital in the bottle oven. Step ladders used by placers in the oven to reach the top of stacks or bungs of saggars. Two or three different heights were made to suit a particular oven. Made very robust with a wide top step to allow a saggar to be rested on it before its final lift to the top of the bung. The back of the top was usually cut away into a semi-circle so that it could rest against a bung which had already been placed.
|Three sizes of 'oss' in use in a bottle oven|
OSS OFF Potteries dialect. Kindly go away, if you would.
OT Potteries dialect word meaning very warm.
OTUSS Potteries dialect word meaning hot house.
OUTDOOR Frequented by a thirsty potter who prefers to drink at home! The off-licence department of a beer house or pub. Outdoors sell beer by the pint and served in the consumers own jug, bottle or other vessel.
OUT-DUNT Pottery fault. Sometimes known as a cooling-down dunt. A body crack created during the cooling cycle of the firing process, or at some considerable time after firing, maybe years later. Characterised by razor sharp edges. Compare this with in dunt.
OVALS Kiln furniture. Type of saggar. Particular shape to accommodate oval product.
OVEL Potteries dialect word. Part of a bottle oven. Huge cone or bottle shaped brick structure built to fully enclose the main business-end of the oven.
OVEN Bottle oven. Strictly speaking this is not the same as a KILN.
OVEN BOTTOMS or OVEN BOTTOM BRICK A particular type and shape of refractory building brick used in the bottle oven base. They cover the flues from medfeather to medfeather and are matched or grooved to fit into each other to create a seal and prevent sand and dirt working into and blocking the flues. Made in Berry Hill, Stoke-on-Trent.
|Oven bottom bricks|
OVEN FILL The amount of ware (pottery items) placed or set in to the bottle oven. The factory owner would always try to get as much ware as possible into the kiln to maximise the efficiency/use of the fuel.
OVENMAN Occupation. Ovens department. Man who worked in bottle ovens. Maybe an oddman, placer, sitter-up or fireman. More than a labourer. May set his mind to virtually anything. But he worked particularly in the ovens department.
OVER BLUNGING A problem created in the sliphouse produces a clay which is more plastic and sticky to handle than it should be. Over-blunging breaks apart agglomerated clay particles into smaller ones, making it sticky. This then requires more preparation by wedging before it can be returned to a usable condition.
OVER FIRED Ware that has been spoiled during firing either because it was left at its peak temperature for too long or because the temperature of the oven was allowed to rise above the temperature at which the body recipe or glaze fully matured.
OVER GLAZE See ON-GLAZE
OVER GLAZED Glaze fault. Too much glaze applied to the piece. When fired, the extra thick glaze would be poorly matured and would look ugly with a semi-gloss finish. Sometimes described as spangled.
OVER LOOKER Occupation. Various departments. Quality checker.
OWD Dialect. Similar to surry. Sir. Used in a term of endearment. "Ahdo! Owat owd?" Also meaning "hold" - see below.
OWD MON Dialect. Husband. Dad. Fayther. Male parent.
OWD UP A TOUCH WUT? Dialect. "Hold on a bit, would you?"
OWE RATE DUCK Dialect. "I am very good thank you."
OWK Dialect. Our kid.
OX LIPS Equipment. Used during dish and large holloware pressing. Made of leather. Shaped so that the potter (the presser) can use the tool to press clay into the mould.
OXIDATION A firing condition. Sometimes 'oxidisation'. A gas fired kiln with a blue flame, or an electric kiln, produces oxidisation during firing. There is no excess of carbon in the kiln and fuel use is more efficient. Glazes are generally brighter after oxidation firing.
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